Numerous studies have shown that alcohol outlet density is significantly related to the level of alcohol harm that neighborhoods experience, particularly violence.
Oulet density also can influence how drinkers congregate, making them more aggressive or encouraging others to drink.
Examining 16 years’worth of data in Canada found that reducing off-premise density was significanly associated with a decease in alcohol consumption more than other social and economic factors
Suicide rates among boys between 15-19 years old have been shown to increase by up to 12 percent when alcohol outlets increase.
Areas with more alcohol outlets have been found to have higher rates of child abuse.
Higher alcohol outlet densities leads to disproportionately concentrated in low-income racial or ethnic minority communities.